AlertDialog and DialogFragment Example in Xamarin Android

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Dialog is like any other window that pops up in front of current window, used to show some short message, taking user input or to ask user decisions. Unlike Toast, a dialog is generally used where user attention is mandate. Android supports several different ways to create a dialog such as AlertDialog and FragmentDialog. In this example we will cover all the aspect of AlertDialog and DialogFragment.

1. Using AlertDialog in Xamarin.Android

AlertDialog is the subclass of Dialog that can display one, two or three buttons. If you only want to display a String in this dialog box, use the SetMessage() method.

The following code snippet can be used to create a simple AlertDialog with two buttons Delete and Cancel.

//set alert for executing the task
AlertDialog.Builder alert = new AlertDialog.Builder (this);
alert.SetTitle ("Confirm delete");
alert.SetMessage ("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.");
alert.SetPositiveButton ("Delete", (senderAlert, args) => {
	Toast.MakeText(this ,"Deleted!" , ToastLength.Short).Show();
});

alert.SetNegativeButton ("Cancel", (senderAlert, args) => {
	Toast.MakeText(this ,"Cancelled!" , ToastLength.Short).Show();
});

Dialog dialog = alert.Create();
dialog.Show();

The above code snippet will produce the output as shown in the following screenshot.

AlertDialog in Xamarin Android

2. Using DialogFragment in Xamarin.Android

Since the release of Android 3.0 (API level 11), fragment can show as a dialog and called as DialogFragment. If you’re supporting older android versions, you can make use of fragment-compatibility support library.

To create a dialog fragment, we will be using DialogFragment class. This class is derived from the Fragment and behaves much like a fragment with all available fragment life cycle methods. Android recemends to use DialogFragment over AlerDialog.

You need to perfrom the following steps to create a DialogFragment

  • Create a new class that extends from DialogFragment class.
  • Like regular Fragments, override OnCreateView() callback to attach the dialog layout.
  • Alternatively, you can override OnCreateDialog() method and return a Dialog instance. This method is used to port your old AlertDialog code without much of modification.

In this example, we will see both OnCreateView() and OnCreateDialog() callback.

3. Dialog fragment using OnCreateDialog()

The following code snipept shows how to create dialog by overriding OnCreateDialog() method.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using Android.App;
using Android.Content;
using Android.OS;
using Android.Runtime;
using Android.Util;
using Android.Views;
using Android.Widget;

namespace DialogExample
{
	public class DialogFragment2 : DialogFragment
	{
		public static DialogFragment2 NewInstance(Bundle bundle){
			DialogFragment2 fragment = new DialogFragment2 ();
			fragment.Arguments = bundle;
			return fragment;
		}

		public override Dialog OnCreateDialog (Bundle savedInstanceState)
		{
			AlertDialog.Builder alert = new AlertDialog.Builder (Activity);
			alert.SetTitle ("Confirm delete");
			alert.SetMessage ("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.");
			alert.SetPositiveButton ("Delete", (senderAlert, args) => {
				Toast.MakeText(Activity ,"Deleted!" , ToastLength.Short).Show();
			});

			alert.SetNegativeButton ("Cancel", (senderAlert, args) => {
				Toast.MakeText(Activity ,"Cancelled!" , ToastLength.Short).Show();
			});

			return alert.Create();
		}
	}
}

4. Dialog fragment using OnCreateView()

DialogFragment is like any other fragment, the same lifecycle rules are applied. Now we have to override onCreateView method to attach the layout to view hierarchy and construct the dialog fragment.

Let us first define the layout for your fragment. In this example, I have used two TextViews and Button. My layout looks as follows:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:padding="10dp">
    <TextView
        android:text="Lorem ipsum"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/textView1" />
    <TextView
        android:text="Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit...."
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp" />
    <Button
        android:text="Close"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/CloseButton"
        android:layout_marginTop="10dp" />
</LinearLayout>

Now let us inflate the layout from OnCreateView() method. My DialogFragment class looks as follows:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using Android.App;
using Android.Content;
using Android.OS;
using Android.Runtime;
using Android.Util;
using Android.Views;
using Android.Widget;

namespace DialogExample
{
	public class DialogFragment1 : DialogFragment
	{
		public static DialogFragment1 NewInstance(Bundle bundle){
			DialogFragment1 fragment = new DialogFragment1 ();
			fragment.Arguments = bundle;
			return fragment;
		}

		public override View OnCreateView (LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState)
		{
			// Use this to return your custom view for this Fragment
			View view =  inflater.Inflate(Resource.Layout.DialogFragment1Layout, container, false);
			Button button = view.FindViewById<Button> (Resource.Id.CloseButton);
			button.Click += delegate {
				Dismiss();
				Toast.MakeText(Activity ,"Dialog fragment dismissed!" , ToastLength.Short).Show();
			};

			return view;
		}
	}
}

The above code snippet will produce the output as shown in the following screenshot.
DialogFragment in Xamarin Android

5. Adding DialogFragment

We are pretty much done!. Add the following code snippet in your Activity to instantiate and display the dialog;

FragmentTransaction ft = FragmentManager.BeginTransaction();
//Remove fragment else it will crash as it is already added to backstack
Fragment prev = FragmentManager.FindFragmentByTag("dialog");
if (prev != null) {
	ft.Remove(prev);
}

ft.AddToBackStack(null);

// Create and show the dialog.
DialogFragment1 newFragment = DialogFragment1.NewInstance(null);

//Add fragment
newFragment.Show(ft, "dialog");

The above code snippet will produce the output as shown in the following screenshot.
AlertDialog in Xamarin Android

Nilanchala

A blogger, a bit of tech freak and a software developer. He is a thought leader in the fusion of design and mobile technologies. He is the author of Xamarin Mobile Application Development for Android Book (goo.gl/qUZ0XV3), DZone MVB and founder of stacktips.com.

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