In this example we will show how to create a ListView with section header. This involves following steps

  1. Create two custom layout for your List header and List row
  2. Create your custom adapter for ListView
  3. Instantiate ListView in your activity

Create Custom layout for List header and List row

snippet_item1.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:gravity="center_vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/text"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="#FFF"
        android:gravity="center_vertical"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
        android:textColor="#FF000000" />

</LinearLayout>

snippet_item2.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="#2F2F2F"
    android:gravity="center_vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textSeparator"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:padding="8dp"
        android:text=""
        android:textAllCaps="true"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge"
        android:textColor="#FFF"
        android:textStyle="bold"
        android:visibility="visible" />

</LinearLayout>

Create your custom adapter for ListView

You must override getViewTypeCount() method. This method returns the number of types of Views that will be created by getView method.

package com.javatechig;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.TreeSet;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;

class CustomAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

	private static final int TYPE_ITEM = 0;
	private static final int TYPE_SEPARATOR = 1;

	private ArrayList<String> mData = new ArrayList<String>();
	private TreeSet<Integer> sectionHeader = new TreeSet<Integer>();

	private LayoutInflater mInflater;

	public CustomAdapter(Context context) {
		mInflater = (LayoutInflater) context
				.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
	}

	public void addItem(final String item) {
		mData.add(item);
		notifyDataSetChanged();
	}

	public void addSectionHeaderItem(final String item) {
		mData.add(item);
		sectionHeader.add(mData.size() - 1);
		notifyDataSetChanged();
	}

	@Override
	public int getItemViewType(int position) {
		return sectionHeader.contains(position) ? TYPE_SEPARATOR : TYPE_ITEM;
	}

	@Override
	public int getViewTypeCount() {
		return 2;
	}

	@Override
	public int getCount() {
		return mData.size();
	}

	@Override
	public String getItem(int position) {
		return mData.get(position);
	}

	@Override
	public long getItemId(int position) {
		return position;
	}

	public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
		ViewHolder holder = null;
		int rowType = getItemViewType(position);

		if (convertView == null) {
			holder = new ViewHolder();
			switch (rowType) {
			case TYPE_ITEM:
				convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.snippet_item1, null);
				holder.textView = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.text);
				break;
			case TYPE_SEPARATOR:
				convertView = mInflater.inflate(R.layout.snippet_item2, null);
				holder.textView = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.textSeparator);
				break;
			}
			convertView.setTag(holder);
		} else {
			holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
		}
		holder.textView.setText(mData.get(position));

		return convertView;
	}

	public static class ViewHolder {
		public TextView textView;
	}

}

Instantiate ListView in your activity

package com.javatechig;

import android.app.ListActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class SectionListView extends ListActivity {

	private CustomAdapter mAdapter;

	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		mAdapter = new CustomAdapter(this);
		for (int i = 1; i < 30; i++) {
			mAdapter.addItem("Row Item #" + i);
			if (i % 4 == 0) {
				mAdapter.addSectionHeaderItem("Section #" + i);
			}
		}
		setListAdapter(mAdapter);
	}

}

Output

ListView with section header in android

This article is about: ListView,

Madhumita

She is self-motivated enthusiastic techie spending most of her time in writing code. She loves coding, android and java. She has developed her software personality with understanding on various tools and technologies and hands on experience on app development.

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