This tutorial explains how to download Image using AsyncTask in Android. The example below download image while showing progress bar while during download.

Understanding Android AsynkTask

Async task enables you to implement MultiThreading without get Hands dirty into threads. AsyncTask enables proper and easy use of the UI thread. It allows performing background operations and passing the results on the UI thread. If you are doing something isolated related to UI, for example downloading data to present in a list, go ahead and use AsyncTask.

  • AsyncTasks should ideally be used for short operations (a few seconds at the most.)
  • An asynchronous task is defined by 3 generic types, called Params, Progress and Result, and 4 steps, called onPreExecute, doInBackground, onProgressUpdate and onPostExecute.
  • In onPreExecute you can define code, which need to be executed before background processing starts.
  • doInBackground have code which needs to be executed in background, here in doInBackground we can send results to multiple times to event thread by publishProgress() method, to notify background processing has been completed we can return results simply.
  • onProgressUpdate() method receives progress updates from doInBackground method, which is published via publishProgress method, and this method can use this progress update to update event thread
  • onPostExecute() method handles results returned by doInBackground method.
  • The generic types used are
    • Params, the type of the parameters sent to the task upon execution
    • Progress, the type of the progress units published during the background computation.
    • Result, the type of the result of the background computation.
  • If an async task not using any types, then it can be marked as Void type.
  • An running async task can be cancelled by calling cancel(boolean) method.

Downloading image using Android AsyncTask

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:orientation="vertical" >

<Button
android:id="@+id/downloadButton"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Click Here to Download" />

<ImageView
android:id="@+id/imageView"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:contentDescription="Your image will appear here" >
</ImageView>

</LinearLayout>

.java class

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package com.javatechig.droid;

import java.io.InputStream;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class ImageDownladerActivity extends Activity {

	private ImageView downloadedImg;
	private ProgressDialog simpleWaitDialog;
	private String downloadUrl = "http://www.9ori.com/store/media/images/8ab579a656.jpg";

	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.asynch);
		Button imageDownloaderBtn = (Button) findViewById(R.id.downloadButton);

		downloadedImg = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);

		imageDownloaderBtn.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				new ImageDownloader().execute(downloadUrl);
			}

		});
	}

	private class ImageDownloader extends AsyncTask {

		@Override
		protected Bitmap doInBackground(String... param) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return downloadBitmap(param[0]);
		}

		@Override
		protected void onPreExecute() {
			Log.i("Async-Example", "onPreExecute Called");
			simpleWaitDialog = ProgressDialog.show(ImageDownladerActivity.this,
					"Wait", "Downloading Image");

		}

		@Override
		protected void onPostExecute(Bitmap result) {
			Log.i("Async-Example", "onPostExecute Called");
			downloadedImg.setImageBitmap(result);
			simpleWaitDialog.dismiss();

		}

		private Bitmap downloadBitmap(String url) {
			// initilize the default HTTP client object
			final DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();

			//forming a HttoGet request 
			final HttpGet getRequest = new HttpGet(url);
			try {

				HttpResponse response = client.execute(getRequest);

				//check 200 OK for success
				final int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();

				if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
					Log.w("ImageDownloader", "Error " + statusCode + 
							" while retrieving bitmap from " + url);
					return null;

				}

				final HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
				if (entity != null) {
					InputStream inputStream = null;
					try {
						// getting contents from the stream 
						inputStream = entity.getContent();

						// decoding stream data back into image Bitmap that android understands
						final Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream);

						return bitmap;
					} finally {
						if (inputStream != null) {
							inputStream.close();
						}
						entity.consumeContent();
					}
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				// You Could provide a more explicit error message for IOException
				getRequest.abort();
				Log.e("ImageDownloader", "Something went wrong while" +
						" retrieving bitmap from " + url + e.toString());
			} 

			return null;
		}
	}
}

Output of the above code is

Download Complete eclipse project from GitHub

Tagged in : Code Sample

Join The Discussion

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  • Kishor Ramani

    where this image is save?

  • Philip

    Thanx!!!

  • Parveen

    osm….
    Thanks . Your code solved my problem facing from 2 weeks… thanks to u…
    one more problem i want to discuss. i have a directory on server with 100s images and i want to show then in android app with next and previous feature so can you please give me an idea..

  • ryan

    Async task does not recognise the doInBackground method … code does not work

    • Nilanchala Panigrahy

      Hi Ryan, Explain your issue or put your code snippets.

  • techpopular

    Thanks lot, your code worked beautifully. Thank you very much :)

    • As per your request source code is published in the post.