Maven build lifecycles are a series of phases that define the build process of a Maven project.
There are three build lifecycles in Maven:
- default: This is the main build lifecycle in Maven. It includes the following phases:
install. These phases are executed in order when you run the
mvncommand with no arguments.
- clean: This lifecycle is used to clean the build directory of a project. It includes the following phases:
- site: This lifecycle is used to generate project documentation. It includes the following phases:
site-deployphase is optional and is used to deploy the generated documentation to a web server.
Each lifecycle consists of a set of phases, which are executed in order. When you run a specific phase, all previous phases in that lifecycle are also executed. For example, when you run the
package phase in the default lifecycle, the
test phases are also executed.
Here's a brief description of each phase in the default lifecycle:
validate: validate the project is correct and all necessary information is available
compile: compile the source code of the project
test: test the compiled source code using a suitable unit testing framework
package: take the compiled code and package it in its distributable format, such as a JAR file
verify: run any checks to verify the package is valid and meets quality criteria
install: install the package into the local repository, for use as a dependency in other projects
deploy: copy the final package to the remote repository for sharing with other developers and projects