This tutorial explains how to download image asynchronously in Xamarin.Android. In this example, we will downloading image using System.Net.WebClient and while downloading, the application will show a loading progress indicator.

System.Net.WebClient class provides ability to send and download data from remote location. Check out class reference from Official MSDN API documentation.

Asynchronous Image Loading in Xamarin Android

Let us create a layout as shown in the image above

Main.axml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:minWidth="25px"
    android:minHeight="25px"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <Button
        android:text="Download Image"
        android:id="@+id/downloadButton"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    
    <LinearLayout
        android:minWidth="25px"
        android:minHeight="25px"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:id="@+id/progressLayout"
        android:gravity="center">

        <ProgressBar
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:id="@+id/progressBar1" />
        <TextView
            android:text="Loading.."
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:id="@+id/textView1"
            android:gravity="center" />
    </LinearLayout>

    <ImageView
        android:src="@android:drawable/ic_menu_gallery"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:id="@+id/imageView1" />
</LinearLayout>

ImageViewExample.cs

using System;

using Android.App;
using Android.Content;
using Android.Runtime;
using Android.Views;
using Android.Widget;
using Android.OS;
using Android.Graphics;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;

namespace ImageViewExample
{
	[Activity (Label = "ImageViewExample", MainLauncher = true, Icon = "@drawable/icon")]
	public class MainActivity : Activity
	{

		Button downloadButton;
		ImageView imageView;
		LinearLayout progressLayout;

		//Instance of webclient for async processing
		WebClient webClient;

		protected override void OnCreate (Bundle bundle){
			base.OnCreate (bundle);

			// Set our view from the "main" layout resource
			SetContentView (Resource.Layout.Main);

			this.imageView = FindViewById<ImageView> (Resource.Id.imageView1);
			//Hide progressbar initially
			this.progressLayout = FindViewById<LinearLayout> (Resource.Id.progressLayout);
			this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Gone;

			// Get views from the layout resource axml file
			this.downloadButton = FindViewById<Button> (Resource.Id.downloadButton);
			downloadButton.Click += downloadAsync;
		}

		async void downloadAsync(object sender, System.EventArgs ea){
                  //Logic to download image and display on ImageView
		}

		void cancelDownload(object sender, System.EventArgs ea){
                 // Logic to cancel downlaod
		}
	}
}

Downloading Image

In our activity, we have a button labelled “Download Image” is added with downloadAsync delegate. The downloadAsync method will contain the logic of download using WebClient, display progress bar, resize and store image locally. When user hits download button, the download starts and the button turns into “Cancel Download”. Below is the code snippet for downloadAsync method.

async void downloadAsync(object sender, System.EventArgs ea){
	webClient = new WebClient ();
	var url = new Uri ("http://doubletreebyhiltonsanjose.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Dog-Pictures-1024x698.jpg");
	byte[] imageBytes = null;

	//Show loading progress
	this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Visible;

	//Toggle button click listener to cancel the task
	this.downloadButton.Text = "Cancel Download";
	this.downloadButton.Click -= downloadAsync;
	this.downloadButton.Click += cancelDownload;

	try{
		imageBytes = await webClient.DownloadDataTaskAsync(url);
	} catch(TaskCanceledException){
		this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Gone;
		return;
	} catch(Exception e){
		this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Gone;

		this.downloadButton.Click -= cancelDownload;
		this.downloadButton.Click += downloadAsync;
		this.downloadButton.Text = "Download Image";
		return;
	}

	//Saving bitmap locally
	string documentsPath = System.Environment.GetFolderPath (System.Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal);	
	string localFilename = "image.png";
	string localPath = System.IO.Path.Combine (documentsPath, localFilename);

	//Save the Image using writeAsync
	FileStream fs = new FileStream (localPath, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);
	await fs.WriteAsync (imageBytes, 0, imageBytes.Length);
	Console.WriteLine("Saving image in local path: "+localPath);

	//Close file connection
	fs.Close ();

	BitmapFactory.Options options = new BitmapFactory.Options ();
	options.InJustDecodeBounds = true;
	await BitmapFactory.DecodeFileAsync (localPath, options);

	//Resizing bitmap image
	options.InSampleSize = options.OutWidth > options.OutHeight ? options.OutHeight / imageView.Height : options.OutWidth / imageView.Width;
	options.InJustDecodeBounds = false;

	Bitmap bitmap = await BitmapFactory.DecodeFileAsync (localPath, options);
	imageView.SetImageBitmap (bitmap);

	//Hide progress bar layout
	this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Gone;

	//Toggle button click listener
	this.downloadButton.Click -= cancelDownload;
	this.downloadButton.Click += downloadAsync;
	this.downloadButton.Text = "Download Image";
}

Cancel Image Download

The cancelDownload delegate is added to button, when the user clicks on download button. This method contains the logic to cancel the download process.

void cancelDownload(object sender, System.EventArgs ea){
	if(webClient!=null)
		webClient.CancelAsync ();

	//Hide progressbar layout
	this.progressLayout.Visibility = ViewStates.Gone;

	//Toggle button click listener
	this.downloadButton.Click -= cancelDownload;
	this.downloadButton.Click += downloadAsync;
	this.downloadButton.Text = "Download Image";
}

Nilanchala

A blogger, a bit of tech freak and a software developer. He is a thought leader in the fusion of design and mobile technologies. He is the author of Xamarin Mobile Application Development for Android Book (goo.gl/qUZ0XV3), DZone MVB and founder of stacktips.com.

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